The ac hipot test allows you to stress your product. Most manufacturers recommend com plate inspections, external and internal, at intervals of from 6 to 12 months. A dielectric strength test, commonly called a hipot test, dielectric withstand, or high potential, is a stress test of the insulation of a device under test dut. Sci is a leading manufacturer of electrical safety testing instruments including multifunction electrical safety testers, hipot testers, ground bond testers and insulation resistance testers. Figure 4typical record of insulation resistance of a mill motor. How dc hipot works dc voltage is applied to open disconnected windings by the hipot tester or motor analyzer. Oct 15, 2014 the purpose of the routine test is to determine that the production folks covered all their bases. Measuaring motor insulation using hi pot tester 28012012 by lemau 1 comment when we need to evaluate the motor condition, hipot tester or high potential tester is the common equipment are used. When performing an inspection, a quality control firm will conduct a variety of special quality control tests, depending on the type of product. For products terminated in a threepronged line cord known as class i. As we know,a multimeter or ohm meter reading only can determine if a motor winding is open or shorted but cannot checked winding insulation condition. Ac hv test value should not surpass 75% of the factory test value. The biddle dc dielectric test sets are used to make proof.
These notes are all available for download in adobe pdf format. The test is a means to qualify a devices ability to operate safely during. Curve b shows same values corrected to 20c see page 22, giving a definite downward trend toward an unsafe condition. Reverse side of card at right is used to record the test data. Hipot test is short name of high potential high voltage test and it is also known as dielectric withstand test. Timely conducted testing procedures can help notice the loss of cable insulation integrity, spot signs of its deterioration caused by aging, and therefore prevent. When ac hipot tests are used for routine maintenance, the power transformer can be examined at rated voltage for 3 min instead of testing at 65% of factory test voltage. If dc hipot testing is to be performed, the dc voltage test values shown in table 7. A properly wired and insulated electrical system will have negligible current flow during this test. Understanding hipot certification testing electronic design. A hipot test starts with all of the points in a cable held at 0v.
Cable types, design, and associated insulation faults. A leakage current testchecks that the current that flows between ac source and ground does not exceed a safe limit. It makes for convenient and safe storage when not in use. The test is a means to qualify a devices ability to operate safely during rated electrical conditions. In a world where data is king, hypotutlra improves traceability with onboard data storage and allows you to automate electrical safety testing with a variety of communication interfaces. High potential stress test procedure bcp systems, inc. Image you are bathing in bath tube, suddenly drier in operating dropping into bath tube, the current flows from drier through your body to ground under this situation. A distinction must be made here regarding the test of dielectrics vs the high voltage test of individual nets. The description of these tests will not apply to watercooled stator windings since the test procedure and analysis differ for watercooled units. Dec 01, 2011 the limited approach boundary for this hi pot procedure at volts is 5 ft. If the hipot tester does not have automatic ramping, then the output must be manually increased to the test voltage and then manually reduced to zero. Performed by stressing the insulation of the product far. Ex perience has shown that a considerable expense is involved, some of.
All tests shall be performed with the equipment or material deenergized, except where otherwise specifically required by the nature of the test. There are two variations of the stepped dc hipot test. Hipot test connection diagram the hipot test is set up by connecting the two output leads of the tester to the device under test. Electrical safety testing reference guide power sources. The hipot testing of switchgear involves testing of the circuit breakers and switch gear buses separately.
Switchgear and switchboard inspection and testing guide. Hipot tester made for hipot test, flash test, dielectric. Transformer hipot testing ieee electrical code issues. Test and inspection records shall be submitted to the engineer no later than thirty days after completion of the individual test and prior to energizing of equipment. Increase efficiency with our direct barcode scanner connection and. Standard for acceptance testing specifications for. Operator safety and training 7 10 10 danger high voltage authorised personnel only estop estop a e e g g h c f f d b 4 high voltage signs compliant to ansi z5352011 5 see nfpa 70e table.
Set the dc hipot tester to the appropriate voltage, as shown in table. Standard for acceptance testing specifications for electrical. When this test is indicated the industry provides 3 venues for accomplishing this. The limited approach boundary for this hipot procedure at volts is 5 ft. Therefore, the formula in the standards for dc hipot test voltage with used motors is as seen below. Hipot test is the most common type of electrical safety. Class ii supply users are able to test from the input to the output of the unit at 3 kv ac, or 4242 v dc. Hipot testing is an abbreviation for high potential testing a category of electrical tests used to verify the effectiveness of electrical insulation in transformers, motors, printed circuit boards, electrical sub. Press the red overload reset button to override these warning indicators, and then rotate the black raise voltage dial back to 0 zero start to reset for another hipot test. Measuaring motor insulation using hi pot tester 28012012 by lemau 1 comment when we need to evaluate the motor condition, hi pot tester or high potential tester is the common equipment are used.
However, the standards state that production hi pot testing should not exceed 1,500vac, or its dcrectified equivalent of 2,121vdc, from input to output or input to ground. The hipot test the dielectric voltagewithstand test is commonly known as the hipot test. This is a major test and determines the condition of the insulation. Operational procedure interlock to ensure safe operating. Often this english term is even more common than the. Unless the type test was marginal, the routine test, in the end, finds gross defects in the manufacturing process. This high voltage test also called dielectric strength test, hipot test, hipot test, breakdown. Hipot test voltages high potential test electrom instruments. Electrical safety hipot tester functions and application evaluation. Hipot test makes surety of no current will flow from one point to another point. Fundamentals of electrical safety testing available for download at.
A dielectric withstand test or high potential or hipot test is an electrical test performed on a component or product to determine the effectiveness of its insulation. Such a test applies a voltage to the dut that is much higher than normal operating voltage. The test can be done at various times such as acceptance of new cable installation, maintenance testing to track insulation degradation and as a pre and post test for splicing existing cables to new ones. Ac hipot testing ac high potential tests are conducted at voltages above the normal system voltage for a short time.
The test voltages to be used vary depending upon whether the device or circuit is low or high voltage, a primary or control circuit and whether tested at the factory or in the field. The purpose of the dielectric withstand hipot test is to determine whether the insulation from the primary circuit to grounded or accessible parts has sufficient electric strength to withstand the normal overvoltages which could occur in service. The usb interface card requires you to download a driver in order for the instrument to. The hipot tester is the short form of high potential tester and is mainly used in the international language. The test may be between mutually insulated sections of a part or energized parts and electrical ground. Hipot testing has long been a standard procedure for assuring the electrical safety of electronic equipment. Its important to remember that this method of arc detection is not an exact science. Misinterpretation of the relevant standard may result in the product being subjected to a hi pot design verification test to the levels described above. Connect the ground lead of the hipot tester to a suitable building ground or grounding electrode conductor. Jul 31, 2017 the purpose of the dielectric withstand hipot test is to determine whether the insulation from the primary circuit to grounded or accessible parts has sufficient electric strength to withstand the normal overvoltages which could occur in service.
Figure 3typical scale on the megger insulation tester. System function tests should be performed in accordance with ansinetaats section 8 during initial switchgearswitchboard acceptance. The procedure for system functional testing exceeds far beyond the scope of this document. One of these tests is the hipot test, which is performed when inspecting electrical products. Thus, a dc hipot test voltage is often derived from a typical ac hipot test voltage which is proven to work well. Meanwhile, your heart palpitation unregulated and blood pressure falling down causes tragedy cant be redeemed. The purpose of the routine test is to determine that the production folks covered all their bases. High voltage test also called hipot or hv test worldwide has by far the highest priority among all of the electrical safety tests. Unfortunately, that is not documented in our test procedures. The dielectric withstand hipot test in compliance magazine.
However, the standards state that production hipot testing should not exceed 1,500vac, or its dcrectified equivalent of 2,121vdc, from input to output or input to. This test of the dielectric strength is mandatory as it is part of the requirements of all national standards e. Hipot test of a medium voltage vacuum circuit breaker. A hipot tester also checks that insulation distances and distances in the air are respected.
However, if a dc hipot test is used on an ac circuit, the hipot voltage. The hipot test should be conducted under conditions similar to those of. The dielectric voltagewithstand test is commonly known as. Models 7804 and 7854 include 4in1 test capability and boast 40 amps ground bond capacity. Chicago electric, drill doctor, bosch, goodsmann duration. Misinterpretation of the relevant standard may result in the product being subjected to a hipot design verification test to the levels described above.
However, in many cases these tests are not performed, even the basic ac hipot test, because the power required from the test set to charge the capacitance of a large coil can be very high, making the. Hypotultra electrical safety testers offer dielectric. Neta test forms tests performed by testing organization. A hipot testmeasures the ability of a product to withstand a high voltage applied between the circuits of a product and ground.
Fundamentals of electrical safety testing november. Follow the steps below to ensure that your tester is properly connected. Hipot test is the most common type of electrical safety test. Measuaring motor insulation using hi pot tester electrical. There are always things you can do to increase the safety and reduce the risk a hipot test might present. Then a single wire or network of connected points called a net is disconnected from 0v and connected to the ac source see figure 2. Often this english term is even more common than the expression high voltage tester literally translated from german. Very often the word hipot tester is mentioned in connection with the high voltage test. Dc hipot tester hipot test procedure electrom instruments. For proof tests of new unused motors, the test voltages are as follows per ieee 95, iec and ansieasa ar100. Hipot testers get their name from the high potential high voltage they produce to perform dielectric withstand and insulation resistance tests.
Section 7 of the ansineta standard for acceptance testing specifications for electrical power equipment and systems may be reproduced and used on a cut and paste basis for the particular type of equipment to be tested. All tests shall be performed with the equipment or material deenergized, except where. It will assist in the interpretation of requirements for this testing and provide broad. This guide provides a general overview of the regulatory framework and approval process and explores the specific manufacturing responsibilities and test procedures associated with electrical safety testing. Ps9631 snmp with environmental monitor and dry contact card is optional. These tests include a simple ac withstand test and diagnostic testing like tan deltapower factor measurement and partial discharge analysis. The most important tests for medium voltage metalenclosed. Dc high potential testing dc hipot testing purpose dc hipot testing is used for proof testing shielded cables 5kv to 46kv in the field. In order to pass the hi pot test, the production folks must make sure that they made it like the design engineer designed it. The return method will be at the discretion of slaughter company. Nov 09, 2015 dc hipot test the dc hipot test is normally not made for ac electrical switchgear and therefore may be considered only when ac hipot cannot be performed. Figure 2typical megger test instrument hookup to measure insulation resistance. If a display fails the onesecond test method, redo the test using the sixtysecond etl.
Hipot by definition via tm650 is the test of insulation of atypical potential layers, aka power and ground. The following sections of the ansineta standard for acceptance testing specifications for. The ac cord and test leads can be stowed under the cover. Electrical safety testing reference guide touch area. This high voltage test also called dielectric strength test, hipot test, hi pot test, breakdown test or flash test is made to stress the device under test to an ac or dc high voltage and check that there is no breakdown nor perforation happening. In order to pass the hipot test, the production folks must make sure that they made it like the design engineer designed it. The hypotultra series includes models with both dielectric withstand test and ground bond capabilities. Hi pot dielectric breakdown automated verification howto. Remarkable is that safety standard offering basic safety test and method. The complete guide to electrical insulation testing. The test procedures for dc hipot testing are similar to those of ac hipot testing and are described in detail in chapter 2. The dc voltage potential in the windings is rapidly raised to a predetermined level, or raised in steps up to this level, depending on what test method is used.
Electrical safety testers often referred to as hipot testers are an. An insulation resistance testmeasures the quality of the electrical insulation used in a product. However this is placed as a load test for the simulation to check smoothing of the output voltage. This discussion will also focus on testing of stator windings and not on testing individual bars or coils. Note that a working tube has much higher resistance than 100 megs that is the load in the simulation. The hypotultra electrical safety tester is the premier line of electrical safety testers for laboratory and production line settings. Between contacts and shielded, the puncture voltage must not less than 1. Oct 28, 2016 system function test for switchgear and switchboards. Hipot test is a contraction for high potential hv testing. Designed to verify that the insulation of a product is adequate enough to withstand high voltage. Cirris hipot testers are designed to be as safe as practically possible. May 23, 2017 hipot test of a medium voltage vacuum circuit breaker.1217 175 723 522 1142 186 328 1238 593 1618 144 207 1574 402 733 1273 1618 524 1612 1279 750 146 1605 903 1023 421 1031 968 205 185 1295 1233 308 1100